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TRADYCJA ŚWIĘTEGO MIKOŁAJA W POLSCE I NA ŚWIECIE

TRADYCJA ŚWIĘTEGO MIKOŁAJA W POLSCE I NA ŚWIECIE

Już za tydzień (6 grudnia) Święty Mikołaj odwiedzi polskie dzieci i przyniesie prezenty. Czy wiedziałeś, że Mikołaj w Polsce nie przychodzi w noc przed Bożym Narodzeniem? Czy znasz mikołajkowe tradycje innych krajów? Zapraszam do lektury tekstu! Mikołaj w Polsce i na świecie   List do Mikołaja – trochę gramatyki Dzieci na całym świecie piszą listy …

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TAK, NIE, CO, ALE, ZA and their surprising extra meanings

TAK, NIE, CO, ALE, ZA and their surprising extra meanings

Did you know that ‘tak’ not always means ‘yes’ or ‘co’ doesn’t translate as ‘what’? Today I have for you 5 common Polish words that, used in certain phrases, change their meanings completely.   Tak used before an adverb translates as ‘so’ Nie jedź tak szybko! – Don’t drive so fast. Dziekuję, ale nie zjem …

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MIESIĄCE W POLSKIM KALENDARZU – ORIGINS AND MEANING OF POLISH NAMES OF THE MONTHS

MIESIĄCE W POLSKIM KALENDARZU – ORIGINS AND MEANING OF POLISH NAMES OF THE MONTHS

Many students struggle to remember names of the months in Polish as they sound nothing like in any European language. We didn’t adopt Roman names, like many other countries. Polish names of the months are related to the farmer’s calendar through the year and changes of the seasons.   Learn the meaning of the names: …

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DOBRY CZY DOBRZE? DUŻY CZY DUŻO? – POLISH ADJECTIVES AND ADVERBS

DOBRY CZY DOBRZE? DUŻY CZY DUŻO? – POLISH ADJECTIVES AND ADVERBS

Two forms are quite often confused by Polish learners, as they look very similar – adjectives and adverbs. Adjectives (e.g. długi, stary, ładny, dobry) refer to nouns, describing them and are inflected for cases, numbers and genders – exactly like nouns. What are adverbs and what is their place in a sentence? Adverbs (długo, staro, …

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JAK? GDZIE? DLACZEGO? – ASKING QUESTIONS IN POLISH

JAK? GDZIE? DLACZEGO? – ASKING QUESTIONS IN POLISH

Learning the language you probably got used to answering questions, but what about asking? In Polish it’s very easy! Questions are formed by adding the special question words at the beginning of an affirmative sentence. What question words do we use? Below you may find few the most important.   ASKING ABOUT PLACES   Gdzie jest …

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USAGE OF THE VERB ‘PROSZĘ’

USAGE OF THE VERB ‘PROSZĘ’

The verb ‘proszę’, commonly known as an equivalent of the English verb ‘please’, has a larger semantic field. Below I present the most common usage. Note, that sometimes the meaning of ‘proszę’ can change not only depends on the context but also the tone of our voice.     Podaj mi, proszę, sałatkę. Pass me …

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OGLĄDAŁEM TELEWIZJĘ, KIEDY ZADZWONIŁ TELEFON – verb aspect in Polish

OGLĄDAŁEM TELEWIZJĘ, KIEDY ZADZWONIŁ TELEFON – verb aspect in Polish

Aspect as a grammar category shows how actions are extended in time and whether they were completed or not. Ways the aspect can be expressed in languages are various. English for example uses complex tense system. In Polish aspect is expressed by different form of the same verb. Let’s have a look at the examples: …

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