Category: Intermediate

PRACTISE POLISH WITH A SONG – VERB CONJUGATION

PRACTISE POLISH WITH A SONG – VERB CONJUGATION

Learning grammar doesn’t have to be boring! Are you, like me, a fan of The Lion King (Kr贸l Lew)? 馃檪 Listen to the Polish version of one of the songs from the film and practise Polish verb conjugation. Below the exercise you will find a list of the verbs from the song and their conjugation types. Good luck!

If the exercise is not working you may find it here.

Verbs from the song:
przychodzi膰 (-臋, -isz) – to come
posy艂a膰 (-m, -sz) – to send
spe艂nia膰 si臋 (-m, -sz) – to be fulfilled, to come true
czu膰 (czuj-臋, czuj-esz) – to feel
przybywa膰 (-m, -sz) – to come (used mostly in literature and poetry)
wiedzie膰 (wie-m, wie-sz) – to know
wirowa膰 (wiruj-臋, wiruj-esz) – to spin
mie膰 (ma-m, ma-sz) – to have
odnajdowa膰 (odnajduj-臋, odnajduj-esz)/forma perfective odnale藕膰 – to find, to rediscover
trwa膰 (-m, -sz) – to last

 

Interesting fact!
In the lyrics you can find the word swe which is a version of the posessive pronoun swoje. Feminine and neuter pronouns: moja/moje, twoja/twoje and swoja/swoje have shorter versions ma/me, twa/twe, swa/swe which are used in very formal texts or poetry.

 

If you like the post check also Learn Polish with a song – miejscownik case (locative)

Wielkanocne Tradycje – Vocabulary

Wielkanocne Tradycje – Vocabulary

In Poland Easter (Wielkanoc) is a time full of unique rituals, traditions and delicious food. How well do you know them? Complete the exercises and learn useful vocabulary.

If the exercise doesn’t work you may find it here

 

If the exercise doesn’t work you may find it here

DO YOU KNOW THOSE POLISH PHRASES? – QUIZ

DO YOU KNOW THOSE POLISH PHRASES? – QUIZ

Do you know how to say ‘hello’ in Polish? How would you respond if someone says Mi艂ego weekendu? Take the quiz and check how well you know (or learn) common Polish phrases!

At the end of the post you will find a pdf with extra tips how to use the phrases from the exercise.

Phrases from the quiz

If the quiz is not working, you may find it here

 

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LEARN POLISH WITH SONGS – CHRISTMAS SONGS

LEARN POLISH WITH SONGS – CHRISTMAS SONGS

It’s just few weeks left until Christmas. Why not get into the holiday spirit with some classic Christmas songs and practice the language at the same time?

Listen to the songs and complete the lyrics.

Coraz bli偶ej 艣wi臋ta

If the exercise doesn’t work you may find it here

 

A kto wie..?

If the exercise doesn’t work you may find it here

 

Read my previous post to learn about Christmas traditions in Poland

PAN, PANI, PA艃STWO, PANOWIE… – FORMS OF ADDRESS IN POLISH

PAN, PANI, PA艃STWO, PANOWIE… – FORMS OF ADDRESS IN POLISH

In all languages two types of contact can be distinguish – formal and informal. In English the difference between those two is little but in Polish the cultural context is strongly expressed in grammar structures.

Formal contact in Polish

Addressing someone formally in Polish we replace the standart forms ty or wy with their formal equivalents:
pan – addressing a man
Jak si臋 nazywasz? – Jak si臋 pan nazywa?
pani – addressing a woman
Gdzie mieszkasz? – Gdzie pani mieszka?
pa艅stwo – addressing a couple or a group of men and women
Co robicie? – Co pa艅stwo robi膮?
panie – addressing a group of women
Gdzie idziecie? – Gdzie panie id膮?
panowie – addressing a group of men
O czym rozmawiacie? – O czym panowie rozmawiaj膮?

Structure of a formal sentence

As you may notice in the exemples above in formals senctences we not only add the words like pan, pani, pa艅stwo..but also change the form of the verbs to third form singular or plural. So in the sentence like Gdzie pani mieszka?聽 what we say聽exactly is Where does the lady live? (Gdzie pani mieszka?), the same Gdzie pa艅stwo id膮?Where are they going? (Gdzie pa艅stwo id膮?). Not addressing a person directly as ty聽or聽wy but as on/ona or oni/one is a sign of respect.

When do we use the formal forms?

Polish is a quite formal language so talking to a person we don’t know (doesn’t metter their age as long as they’re not underage), to someone who is older that we are or in any kind of oficial situation the formal forms need to be used. What’s interesting, even people arguing on the street and using invectives far from appropreate will still adress each other as pan/pani.

Nowadays due to the influence of English, usage of the forms pani/pani has becoming less strict between young people especially in the Internet communication and some formal situations.

In written Polish

It is worth to mention that in written Polish, no matter if it is a formal or informal conversation or what age the person is, the forms of the pronouns ty and wy are always spelled with a capital letter.
e.g. Mam si臋 dobrze, dzi臋kuj臋. A Ty? – I’m well, tank you. And you?
Czy Twoja mama przyje偶d偶a na weekend? – Is your mom coming for the weekend?
Czy mog臋 Wam pom贸c? – Can I help you?

Let’s practise

If the exercise doesn’t work you may find it here.

NAPI膯, WYPI膯 CZY UPI膯? – practise Polish prefixes

NAPI膯, WYPI膯 CZY UPI膯? – practise Polish prefixes

聽English has the phrasal verbs, Polish has verbs with prefixes. Are you ready for a challenge? Complete the exercise and find out how well you know the meanings of popular verbs with prefixes.

 

If the exercise doesn’t work you may find it here.

 

If you would like to learn more about Polish prefixation and changes of meaning read my previous post

LEARN POLISH WITH A SONG – MIEJSCOWNIK (LOCATIVE) CASE

LEARN POLISH WITH A SONG – MIEJSCOWNIK (LOCATIVE) CASE

聽Listen to the song and fill in the gaps with correct words. Do you recognise those forms?聽 That’s miejscownik (locative) case. Complete the second exercise to revise miejscownik’s endings.
Poparzeni Kaw膮 “Szukam Ci臋 wsz臋dzie”

 

If the exercise doesn’t work you may find it here.

If the exercise doesn’t work you may find it here.

 

More exercises you may find here.