Daj jedzenie kotu – Celownik (dative) and its position in a sentence

Daj jedzenie kotu – Celownik (dative) and its position in a sentence

To indicate a recipient of an action in a sentence we use Celownik (dative case). Comparing to other cases Celownik is used quite rarely and is easy to learn. Below you may find the table with Celownik’s endings and the usage.



Celownik is used:

in impersonal phrases like: miło mi, zimno mi, gorąco Ci, dziecku jest niedobrze
to express a recipient e.g. Pomogę mamie., Daj dziecku zabawkę.

with certain verbs: przeszkadzać (to disturb), pomagać (to help), zazdrościć (to envy), wierzyć (to believe) e.g. Nie przeszkadzaj ojcu., Pomagam mamie., Zazdroszczę jej., Wierzę ci!
after following prepositions: dzięki (thanks to), przeciwko (against), wbrew (against, despite, in spite of)


Position of celownik in a sentence is loose and depends mostly on which part of the sentence we want to emphasise. That can cause some difficulties with understanding a sentence. In Polish prepositions are used rarely as the cases  show what is the function of each word in a sentence. Look at the examples below, do you undrestand those sentences? Can you tell who is the recipient (celownik case), to whom something belongs (possessor narzędnik case) and what is the object (biernik case) here?

Wyślij klientom maila z informacjami. – Send an email with the information to the clients

Produktom tej firmy możesz zaufać. – You can trust products of this company.

Daj synowi siostry sałatkę babci. – Give the grandma’s salad to (your) sister’s son.


time to practice



To learn more about Polish cases and their usage read the post


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