GRAMMAR LESSON: Postanowienia noworoczne – practise the future tense (A2)

The post includes:
– a text about New Year’s resolutions, with exercises;
– notes on how to form the future tense in Polish

If your New Year’s resolution is to spend more time studying Polish, here’s something for you.  🙂

Read the text, learn new vocabulary and practice the future tense.

postanowienia noworoczne – odpowiedzi


Do you remember how to form Polish future tense?

czas przyszły (future tense)

In the future tense, same like in the past tense, both perfective and imperfective verbs are used. The usage of the forms is similar to the past tense.
Imperfective forms:
A) express routine and regular action
Codziennie będę jeść śniadanie. – I will eat breakfast every day.
B) express actions that take time
Cały dzień będziemy pracować nad projektem. – All day we will be working on the project.
C) express simultaneous action
Ona będzie słuchać muzyki i gotować obiad. – She will be listening to the music and cooking a dinner.
D) express action with no result or when result is not important
Będziesz sprzątać mieszkanie. – You will be cleaning the flat.


Perfective forms:
A) express one time actions
Jutro zjem śniadanie. – I will eat breakfast tomorrow.
B) express quick action
Szybko skończysz projekt. – You will finish the project quickly.
C) express chronological actions
On posłucha muzyki, a później ugotuje obiad. – I will listen to the music and then cook a dinner.
D) express completed action
Posprzątacie mieszkanie. – I will clean the apartment.

As you may notice in the examples above, imperfective future tense is created by using conjugated verb ‘to be’ and an infinitive for of a verb
(ja) będę sprzątać
(ty) będziesz pracować
(on/ona/ono) będzie biegać
(my) będziemy oglądać film
(wy) będziecie gotować
(oni/one) będą słuchać muzyki

Perfective future forms are formed by conjugating perfective verbs according to present tense rules:
zjeść – zjem
ugotować – ugotuję
zrobić – zrobię
posprzątać – posprzątam
kupić – kupię
zamówić – zamówię

About the Author



I have started my career as a tutor at Jagiellonian University and now I have been conducting Polish lessons working both with private and business clients from all over the world. I'm a big fan of grammar - Polish grammar especially ;)

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